Considerations for Bill-and-Hold Transactions under ASC 606

Whether from a training standpoint or from an advisory perspective, we’re here to help! Whatever is determined to be “persuasive evidence” should be applied consistently for all transactions of the same kind within a company. Oral agreements typically are not acceptable and delivery cannot be used as a substitute. The arrangement does not follow Metro Man’s normal and customary business practices.

The contract with the customer should clearly state the reason the customer requests storage—substance. It should also describe when title transfers to the customer—for example, when the product is completed and available for delivery. The company processes and packages frozen foods and sells to a variety of retail customers. One of those retail customers entered into an agreement to purchase a million units of bagged frozen vegetables to be delivered over the next six months as shelf space becomes available in-store. If so, you will need to consider collectability when applying Step 1 of the new model and may result in difficulty establishing that a contract exists. EY is a global leader in assurance, consulting, strategy and transactions, and tax services.

It is crucial for these organizations to maintain compliance with the old standard while also adhering to the new requirements. The time to start analyzing contracts and revenue streams is now as the effective date, especially for public entities, is less than 18 months away. ISO/IEC services offered through Cadence Assurance LLC, a Moss Adams company. For more information on revenue accounting and reporting considerations in accordance with Topic 606, including bill-and-hold arrangements, contact your Moss Adams professional. Completed products under bill-and-hold arrangements should be clearly identified as belonging to the customer, ready for physical delivery, and restricted from being used for any other purpose or redirected to another customer. This post is published to spread the love of GAAP and provided for informational purposes only.

  1. EY is a global leader in assurance, consulting, strategy and transactions, and tax services.
  2. If so, the new standard will be significantly different than the current guidance you are applying, particularly given the strict criteria for full profit recognition provided for in ASC Topic 360.
  3. When switching from ASC 605 to the new revenue recognition standards (ASC Topic 606 or IFRS 15), do you believe the switch only affects revenue?
  4. The primary objective of this standard was to establish a consistent method for revenue recognition that could be applied across industries.

Under IFRS 15 and ASC Topic 606, companies are required to consider their estimates of returns as part of determining the transaction price (Step 3), which is relatively similar to current practice. However, the expected returns will be recognized as a separate refund liability and the right to recover the related goods from your customers will be recognized as a separate recovery asset (with an offset to cost of sales). Subsequent to the initial recognition of these amounts, the refund liability and recovery asset will be updated for any estimated changes.

Navigating ASC 605: Revenue Recognition Compliance in Legacy Contracts With Accounting Software

Your organization could see an increase in bill-and-hold arrangements for your products due to supply chain or production delays across industries, or from lack of physical storage space as you or your customers’ businesses grow and transform. And lastly, remember that you are not alone in navigating the maze of requirements within the new standards. GAAP Dynamics has published a series of posts walking you through each step of the new 5-step model.

The guidance in the release is only applicable to the vaccine stockpile programs discussed in the release and is not applicable to any other transactions. In the foregoing example, the entity concluded that including the costs to procure the elevators in the measure of progress would overstate the extent of the entity’s performance. Consequently, the entity adjusted its measure of progress to exclude the costs to procure the elevators from the measure of costs incurred and from the transaction price. The entity recognizes revenue for the transfer of the elevators in an amount equal to the costs to procure the elevators (that is, at a zero margin).

II. The Application of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles for Revenue Recognition Related to Bill-and-Hold Arrangements

These include the application of more management judgments than previously required. In many cases, the amount billed will not be equal to the amount of revenue recognized. Management will need to establish appropriate processes and internal controls over financial reporting asc 605 bill and hold (ICFR) to ensure that the integrity of its financial reporting is maintained. Under a bill-and-hold transaction, the timing of the transfer of control of purchased goods to the customer is one of the critical questions for determining when a company should recognize revenue.


Before a registrant adopts ASC 606, current SEC guidance related to revenue recognition remains applicable. Accounting software can be easily scaled and adapted to accommodate changes in a company’s https://adprun.net/ operations or the regulatory environment. This flexibility allows businesses to stay compliant with ASC 605 while also preparing for future transitions to other accounting standards.

Examples of ASC 605 in a sentence

One example would be a contractor constructing a building on land owned by its customer. Here as the building is erected the customer receives and controls the benefit, such that if the entity failed to complete the job, another entity would most likely not need to re-perform the work already provided. Bill-and-hold transactions should be accounted for consistently and analyzed against your company’s formal revenue recognition policy.

Bluth Company is currently developing a multi-unit residential complex in Phoenix, Ariz. The property is currently under construction, and it will have both residential rental units and condominium units. The units have similar floor plans and are similar sizes, but other attributes are different (for example, certain units are closer to the complex clubhouse and other amenities). These examples are not all inclusive and each indicator is not necessarily meant to indicate control transfer by itself. Determining this enforceable right to payment will be complex and subject to significant judgments.

The ASC 606 transition: Recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied

PwC refers to the US member firm or one of its subsidiaries or affiliates, and may sometimes refer to the PwC network. This content is for general information purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for consultation with professional advisors. EY refers to the global organization, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients. Accounting software provides real-time reporting and analysis, giving companies the ability to monitor revenue recognition and identify any discrepancies or potential compliance issues.

One of those retail customers entered into an agreement with the company to produce a million units of their private label snack so the product stays available and well stocked in its stores throughout the coming year. Another area that will be significantly impacted by the issuance of the new standards is income taxes. The biggest reason is the potential for additional differences between financial reporting and tax reporting, resulting in an increase in the number of temporary differences. These four questions give great guidance on what the SEC is looking for if a company decided to use bill-and-hold arrangements and what questions the company has to have answered. Array responded by indicating that the customer holds the legal title to the solar panels as it bears all of the risk of loss.